Sunday, May 24, 2020

Symptoms And Treatment Of Postoperative Surgery - 4318 Words

Introduction Most of patients are hoping to see well without spectacle or contact lenses. So in last years the refractive surgery increased in patients dissatisfied with spectacles and contact lenses either due to quality of vision, cosmetic appearance or difficulties in contact lenses wearing and its complications. corneal surgeries like corneal ablation ( photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis LASIK) and different types of phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) implantation either in the anterior or posterior chamber and the anterior chamber either iris claw or angle fixation IOL aim to correct s refractive errors in myopic patients [1,2]. Corneal surgeries, such as photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and LASIK, have many limitations and contraindications especially for the correction of high refractive errors. Postoperative ectasia which is a major problem can occur with removing of too much corneal tissue to correct high myopia with the laser. Night bad quality vision and dry eye complaints may be transient or permanent symptoms which may cause dissatisfaction for refractive patients. Due to these limitations and complications, indications for corneal refractive surgery have narrowed [3-6]. As many patients with myopia unsuitable for LASIK the Intraocular refractive procedures may be a good alternative: high degrees of ametropia thin corneas and keratoconus suspect can be corrected, more stable refraction, better visual quality in day and nightShow MoreRelatedRotator Cuff Surgery: Case Study Questions1706 Words   |  7 PagesRotator Cuff Surgery Case Study Questions Q1. Identify the psychosocial impact of surgical intervention including the psychosocial impact of elective and emergency admissions, separation, and loss of income and/or loss of control as related to the case study The patient at the center of the present case study is an excellent demonstration of the way that psychological and sociological needs impact the experience of receiving medical treatment. In this case, the subjects emotional well-being isRead MoreCorrelation Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea787 Words   |  4 Pagesan increased rate of postoperative complications including (1) postoperative hypoxemia, (2) intensive care unit (ICU) transfers, and (3) prolonged length of hospital stay in noncardiac surgical patients. OSA patients commonly express cardiac disease, have an increased risk for postoperative morbidity, and OSA is considered an independent risk factor for patient mortality. This study is significant because there remains a substantial number of patients that arrive for surgery without preceding diagnosisRead MoreEvaluation Of Open Reduction And Internal Fixation Of Maxillofacial Fractures1559 Words   |  7 PagesORIF (Open reduction and internal fixation) ever since it has been adopted as a treatment modality for maxillofacial fractures. Early detection of infection can be difficult in the postoperative phase as many signs and symptoms may actually mimic a SIRS (Systemic inflammatory response syndrome). There is a wealth of literature supporting the use of various inflammatory markers in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of infectious complications in post-operative patients[1-4]. Various authors haveRead MoreFlap Reconstruction Following Rhomboid Excision Of The Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus Essay1671 Words   |  7 Pagesnewer flap procedures, but none is widely accepted. Recurrence ranged from 1–40 % regardless of the technique used. It is the main concern in the treatment. Male gender, obesity, smoking, family tendency, poor body hygiene, sinus size, and the surgical procedures performed have been confirmed in a number of studies as primary risk factors for postoperative complications and recurrence. Limberg in 1946 first designed Limberg rhomboid flap for sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus. He described a techniqueRead MoreCollateral Adverse Outcomes For Clinical Conditions2255 Words   |  10 PagesAbstract Collateral adverse outcomes are negative side-effects which occur following surgery as an expected or unavoidable result of the procedure as it is typically performed and experienced. These events do not result from errors, nor are they rare. Collateral adverse outcomes occur as a direct result of the surgical procedure, and must be accepted as a trade-off in order to obtain the intended benefits. As such, collateral adverse outcomes do not fit into traditional definitions of complicationsRead MoreSymptoms Of Postoperative Cognitive Decline2084 Words   |  9 PagesThe brain is often exposed to various disturbance during the perioperative period in all age groups. Neurobehavioral disturbances during the perioperative period may manifest as: Emergence delirium postoperative delirium postoperative cognitive decline. Delirium is defined as a disturbed state of mind which is accompanied by confusion, restlessness, illusions, incoherence sometimes hallucinations. There are many causesof delirium: a. Due to medical condition b. Due to Substance abuse c.Read MoreManaging Postoperative Pain On The Inpatient Setting1708 Words   |  7 PagesManaging Postoperative Pain in the Inpatient Setting Surgery causes predictable tissue damage leading to the expected outcome of postoperative pain (Eccleston, 2011). Despite clinical research and initiation of regulatory standards, postoperative pain management is still inadequate due to a variety of factors including diverse pharmacological options, negative attitudes towards opioids, and inadequate staff education (Grinstein-Cohen, Sarid, Attar, Pilpel, Elhayany, 2009). Research findings indicateRead MoreEssay On Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment880 Words   |  4 Pagesbetween the neurosensory retina and the underlying retinal pigment epithelium (RPE).2 Symptoms of RRD may include photopsia, floaters, and a â€Å"curtain† over the vision. The greatest risk is found in the age range of 55 to 70 years old, corresponding to age-related vitreous liquefaction and PVD occurences.3 The most common risk factors include myopia, lattice degeneration, cataract or other intraocular surgeries, ocular trauma, and a strong family histo ry of RD. Even low amounts of myopia (1-3D) areRead MoreThe Effects Of Anesthesia On Cognitive Functioning1533 Words   |  7 PagesResearch The investigation of how anesthesia effects cognitive functioning has had a long history. Overtime, it has been suggested that there is an association between anesthesia, surgery, delirium, dementia and postoperative cognitive dysfunction (Inan Ozkose Satirlar, 2015). The theory of anesthesia’s impact on cognitive functioning was derived in 1887, by Savage, who began to observe the â€Å"insanity† that follows the use of anesthesia. He suggested that â€Å"Any cause which will give rise to deliriumRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Delirium2155 Words   |  9 PagesDIAGNOSIS Patient may show agitation, may become uncooperative confused after surgery. Often, the patient is agitated restless during the night but generally calm at daytime. Clinical features include disorientation, impairment of attention and memory. Hallucinations are not that frequent. Delirium can develop at any time during hospitalization. To assess the patient s degree of cognitive decline, a baseline for comparison should have been established preoperatively. Therefore, a good preoperative

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

When I Woke Up Tuesday It Was Friday Es - 1752 Words

Rachel VanDemark September 11, 2014 Expository Writing 101:ND Paper #1 The Sanity Behind Insanity In the face on impending danger, the human brain resorts to primitive instinct to seek salvation. Instincts that drive humans to run from fires, fight off attackers, and hide from their worst nightmares. When those nightmares live deep inside their own minds rather than outside the body, the only way to escape them is through dissociation. Dissociation, the process of disconnecting one’s conscious awareness from his or her physical being to achieve a state of being â€Å"away† from reality, provides average humans with a relief from the brutalities of everyday life and victims and witnesses of serious traumas a way to avoid their memories.†¦show more content†¦Nearly every human, at some point in time, finds him or herself completing a task so habitual that it requires no conscious effort at all. During this time, the individual’s consciousness dissociates from the bodily task at hand. If not as common during one’s adult life, every child ex periences divided awareness. Stout makes the critical point, â€Å"In the interest of play, a child can, in a heartbeat, leave himself behind, become someone or something else, or several things at once. [†¦] It is clear to anyone who really looks that normal children derive unending joy form their superior ability to leap out of their ‘selves’ and go somewhere else, be other things† (430). Only a process with such innate and biological foundation such as dissociation appears in early childhood in the majority of average children. The frequency of childhood dissociation proves that the brain innately utilizes the process as a means of escaping the current reality for a variety of reasons, especially to protect against traumatic memories. Although many people tend to dissociate to varying degrees, everyone experiences dissociation to a certain extent. This point clearly illustratesShow MoreRelatedBhopal Gas Disaster84210 Words   |  337 Pagesvictim - a sum too small to pay for most medical bills. In 1996, t elve years after the disaster, Union Carbide became part of the Dow Chemical w Corporation, which flatly refused to assume any liabilities in India - or clean up the toxic poisons left behind saying that it was the responsibility of the Madhya Pradesh state government which had taken over the site. Today twenty five years since that fateful night, lakhs of people still living in the vicinity of the factory are exposed to toxic chemicalsRead MoreShes Dating the Gangster149221 Words   |  597 PagesHe s not my first love and I m NOT his first love. Definitely not.   So what is it that made me love and cling to him this much?   Well, he s irritating, loud, and he s not sweet! He s weird, he smokes, he drinks, he goes clubbing on a weekday, and he fights and bullies a lot. Take note, A LOT. He is very moody and a bit blunt. Oh yeah, he even threatened to kill me. -- for short, HE IS A GANGSTER. NO he s not a criminal, a mobster, a hoodlum or a thug. I have my own definition of a

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

What Everybody Dislikes About Essay Samples Esl 31 and Why

What Everybody Dislikes About Essay Samples Esl 31 and Why Though you've learned the correct measures to have the college path, there may still be some lingering questions. The very first is a diagnostic exam to evaluate your strengths and weaknesses. In the event the essay is structured around an issue, it is often appropriate to terminate the essay by offering solutions to that issue and outlining potential consequences if those solutions aren't followed. The argumentative essay is a rather handy test of a student's capacity to think. The Importance of Essay Samples Esl 31 These stories offer a framework by which students may share their distinctive story and the way that it has prepared them for college life. Some women are extremely courteous and kind, they've as much patience and kindness to share. A students ought to work hard to provide a reminder of the key flavors of the essay. Orientation is offered in class at community websites. Classes are available in the e arly hours, afternoon and evening (depending on the website location). Each class typically has students from a number of countries. Lies You've Been Told About Essay Samples Esl 31 FLCC's free non-credit ESL courses provide non-English speakers the chance to increase their English language abilities. For the ESL student, the last edit is crucial. Students generally wish to improve fluency. They must have all books on the first day of class. If they do not have a textbook, they WILL be counted absent for everyday they do not have their book. Also, they should be able to converse sufficiently and be prepared for college level academic work. Be aware that VIPKID does demand a college degree. The main purpose of College ESL is to secure you prepared to succeed in college-level classes. Colleges also take a look at your second-term grades, to ensure you're prepared and you don't have a terrible case of senioritis. The Key to Successful Essay Samples Esl 31 With the usage of sub-points, it's a lot easier to come up with what to write. Employing some help in the shape of sample essay isn't cheating. Consider the huge orators and demagogues and their usage of repetition. Finding a great grasp of the language isn't precisely the same as writing a very good essay. Writing is an art form that demands a certain level of skill. Possessing good grammar is the initial step towards building a good essay. Two of the most crucial tips when writing an. At times, the simplest things can go quite a distance in making a great essay. If someone lets you know which you look like a million bucks, you ought to take it like a tremendous compliment since it means you look absolutely fabulous and really attractive. There are a lot of great choices there when you're searching for songs for in-class pursuits. If you consider it logically, it means absolutely nothing and produces no sense. The primary aim is to dig deeper and get to the correct arguments in the topic for a simple means to write. It's important the top choice doesn't hamper the capability of the student to make an intriguing piece. Regardless of what's the point of your essay, there's a preset number of points which you will be expected to handle. The War Against Essay Samples Esl 31 You've probably read a travel essay previously. Before starting an essay, it is necessary to understand what you're writing for. The previous essay type we'll chat about is the argument essay. Encourage your students to create all their writing around one central matter of the essay. Essay outline for college plays an important function. Parents have a tendency to just ask their children about their lives since they think, they have to, not since they are really interested. The introduction is the initial paragraph of an official essay and ought to include three things. Informative essay examples may be used for references. Travel essays might be written for different explanations. Writing a travel essay is straightforward.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

New England And Chesapeake Colonies Essay Example For Students

New England And Chesapeake Colonies Essay Early English colonies in America hardly resembled the union of men and women that would later fight against England and build a new country. In fact, until the mid-eighteenth century, most English colonists had very little, if anything to do with the settlers in neighboring colonies. They heard news of Indian wars and other noteworthy events, not from the colony itself, but from England. The colonies in the New World appeared completely different and the prospect of any unity between them seemed impossible. The colonies in New England and the Chesapeake exemplify the many differences in the culture and lifestyles of the settlers, created mainly because of the fact that their founding fathers had held separate intentions when they came to the New World. The New England and Chesapeake colonies were both settled by immigrants from England, the New England colonies being founded by the English from East Anglia, an area in eastern England. Though this was an area thriving with small towns that they had generally liked, they decided to flee England due to religious persecution. Hundreds of families, men, women and their children, came in search of a New World where they could practice their beliefs freely. They founded colonies such as Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island as model Christian societies. Their cities upon the hills were guides, the lanterns, for those lost in the darkness of humanity, as John Winthrop meant by his famous statement. They formed a society of strict religious participation, actually very much resembling their homeland. In the beginning, many called themselves Puritans, and kept things very simple and plain, concentrating on what was important to them. They used the community to achieve their goals, building new towns and enjoying the social aspect of their religion. At the same time, they were committed to remain working hard to keep their community productive. They believed the â€Å"idle hands† were the devil’s workshops. An issue that really defined a split between the societies was the slavery conflict. The northerners in New England held true to their belief that every man shall be equal and no one should be enslaved, while the southerners in the Chesapeake area strongly believed in the use of slavery. At the same time the New Englanders worked to help end slavery by preaching to others about the injustices, they worked diligently to make education in their society strong. Most people in the towns were literate so that they could read their Bibles and study them in detail with their friends and family. Some colonists were artisans or merchants. Others were small-town farmers, making sure that every member of the community had a reasonable share of God’s land. The northern colonies were renowned for being rich in furs, timber and fish. They were especially noted for developing into a very successful trading region. The New England colonies made up the middle class society whose focal points were family, education and religion. The society remained non-capitalistic, yet still buzzed with much activity. On the other hand, the Chesapeake region had a â€Å"cash crop† get rich quickly mentality. This aristocratic region consisted of Virginia and Maryland, two colonies that seemed to be exceedingly materialistic. Evidently, their lives were based more on their liquid assets than on God or family. The Englanders who saw the opportunity to take advantage of the popularity of a brand new crop they had discovered settled the Chesapeake area. These â€Å"gold diggers† were mainly upper-class men of wealthy families aspiring towards coming to the New World to create a large profit for themselves. These colonists were not fleeing England seeking religious or social freedom, but clearly only to add more wealth to their names. .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .postImageUrl , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:hover , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:visited , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:active { border:0!important; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:active , .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89 .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud18098459f06952c99a08e0da1ad0e89:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: graduate Essay Tobacco soon became the primary crop seen growing on almost every one of these wealthy men’s plantations, which created tremendous amounts of money to add to their fortunes. Of course almost every plantation had African slaves working on the land. These colossal estates came to depend on their slaves to run their farms and slavery became a common, yet feared, way of life for many Africans. Unfortunately for these Chesapeake colonies, due to swampy land in much of the area, towns were not part of the landscape or lifestyle as they were in the north. This area was a place of fierce competition with a very minute sense of community, as opposed to the thriving northern colonies surrounded with warm and inviting community towns. The strong focus on family, education or religion was not a main highlight in the lives of Chesapeake colonists, except in Maryland, where the Calvert family did indeed form a haven for Catholics.These two regions of the New England colonies and the Chesapeake colonies did in truth share the common fact that their settlers were all of English origin. Of course when they first set sail, even before they reached the New World, they began to separate into two distinctly different societies already. The clearly evident reason is because these â€Å"pilgrims† came to the New World each pursuing something different. The New England settlers were longing to find a more suitable land of opportunity where they could better their lives and gain religious freedom. They wanted very much to create a society where they could focus on their family, religion and education. Where as the Chesapeake settlers, they were clearly hoping to â€Å"strike gold† in the New World. Many hoped they could improve their social status even more by gaining large profits from growing and selling such items as tobacco. The New England colonists came and made a quite simple society and the Chesapeake colonists created a more aristocratic society. Their society seemed to care more about their wealth and power more than anything, where as the New England society grew to be one with important focus’. These two regions may have shared that same origin and spoken the same English language, but they rarely â€Å"spoke of similar things. † Because of this culture barrier, a separated north and south was created, causing two distinctly different societies to evolve. History Essays

Friday, April 3, 2020

3 Steps to Optimize Your WordPress Title and Tagline

Your websites title and tagline are two of its most basic elements and are one of the first things your visitors will see.   Because these elements are so important, its a good idea to  optimize your WordPress title and tagline to put your sites best foot forward.An example of how the Hestia theme handles WordPress titles and taglines by defaultA strong title and tagline will communicate your websites style to first-time visitors, play a key role in its Search Engine Optimization (SEO), and serve as a central part of its overall branding.In this article, well explain more why its so crucial to optimize your WordPress title and tagline, then show you how to get the job done. Lets jump in! A catchy title and tagline make for a perfect first impression.Your sites title and tagline serve as most visitors introduction to your content. In many WordPress themes, these elements appear at the top of every page – often within the header. The title is typically the name of your site, while the tagline is a short phrase or sentence underneath.Most people create a title and tagline for their site when theyre first building it, then never think about them again. However, its vital to optimize your WordPress title and tagline, because:They communicate your sites focus or niche.They can provide a preview of your sites style and reinforce your branding.Search engines pay attention to titles and taglines, which makes them relevant for Search Engine Optimization (SEO).If any of these reasons have made you reconsider a hasty choice when creating your site, dont worry. Changing your title and tagline within WordPress is simple and its also easy to optimize these elements.How to optimize your WordPress title and tagline (in three steps)Below, well walk you through how to optimize your WordPress title and tagline. First, however, theres one thing you may need to do.While your sites title is almost always displayed on your WordPress site by default, the same isnt necessaril y true for its tagline. Some themes dont show the tagline unless you enable the option specifically. How you do this will depend on the theme. But your best bet is to navigate to Appearance → Customize from your dashboard, to access the WordPress Customizer:Beyond the default tagline functionality in the WordPress Customizer, another way that you can create an attention-grabbing title and tagline combo is via a WordPress page builder plugin. If youre interested in more flexibility for showing your title and tagline, especially on your homepage, weve written posts on how to build landing pages with the SiteOrigin Page Builder, Divi Builder, and Elementor.Now, well dig into how to actually optimize your WordPress sites title and tagline!Step 1: Consider your sites niche and styleYour title and tagline should communicate the sites focus and target audience.Your title and tagline are often the first things people will see, so its vital that they reflect your site as a whole. If y ou havent done so already, now is the time to determine your sites niche.For example, what kind of content does your site focus on?Youll also want to know exactly who your target audience is  so you understand what the people visiting your site will be looking for.After this, your job is to come up with title and tagline possibilities that reflect the answers to those questions. They should tell visitors what your site is about and who youre trying to attract. Obviously this is an individualized process, but here are a few examples to get you started.Coulee Creatives focus is clear from one glance at the home page, thanks to the use of the term creative in the title and the taglines reference to crafting custom websites. Plus, the tagline communicates the business style and conviction through the terms fierce and expertise in marketing respectively.Next, the Tradewinds Hotel is a creative but straightforward name that communicates the business industry right away. For the tagline, they went with a simple series of words that tells visitors exactly what visitors can do at the hotel.Step 2: Include strong keywordsKeywords like small business accounting software are a smart choice for your tagline.Its important to remember that search engine bots will be exploring your site to learn more about it. Your title and tagline are two of the first things these bots will normally encounter. Therefore, your title and tagline can provide a significant boost to your SEO, which means its a smart idea to incorporate keywords within them.Ahrefs tagline, for example, incorporates a number of phrases that its target audience is likely to search for. Whether youre looking to grow your search traffic or research your competitors, search engines are likely to list this page in their results.NeverBounce have placed the keywords email verification and email cleaning services in a prominent location. Plus, if you visit the site youll see that the primary tagline switches phrases, do ing double keyword duty with one line.Weve written guides on how to research keywords based on your target audience and niche.In general, youll want to focus on broad keywords that describe your sites topic as a whole. Then, you can use blog name generators to brainstorm possible titles and taglines using those keywords.Step 3: Integrate your title and tagline with your overall brandingYou can boost your branding by incorporating your title and tagline into your logo.Its important not to optimize your WordPress title and tagline in isolation. Theyre often among the first things visitors will notice on your site, so they should be incorporated into its branding as a whole.Branding is essential on your website. Simple elements such as a logo and color scheme help your site stick in peoples minds and aid in your visibility online. If you havent given a lot of thought to your sites brand, now is the time.To incorporate your title and tagline within your overall branding, maintain consis tency throughout your site and its elements. Consider using a logo within your title, or turning your title and tagline into a logo. Another smart move is to color the text using the same scheme as the rest of your site.Take a look at the Anew website  pictured above. A similar color scheme is used for the logo as well as the tagline, and the title is built into the logo itself.As a final example, check out our own home page. You can see that our logo, title, and tagline all contribute to creating a memorable brand experience. This kind of integration is key to making your site memorable.ConclusionMost new visitors will spend less than a minute on your site before leaving – unless you catch their interest. Your title and tagline are two vital tools for encouraging people to stick around. When you optimize this part of your site, youre helping to improve first impressions and better communicate your niche.To optimize your WordPress title and tagline, youll need to follow the se three steps:Consider your sites niche and style.Include strong keywords.Integrate your title and tagline with your overall branding.Do you have any questions about how to effectively optimize your WordPress title and tagline? Let us know in the comments section below! Some quick tips for how to optimize your #WordPress site's title and tagline

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Lysander the Spartan General

Lysander the Spartan General Lysander was one of the Heraclidae at Sparta, but not a member of the royal families. Not much is known about his early life. His family was not wealthy, and we dont know how Lysander came to be entrusted with military commands. The Spartan Fleet in the Aegean When Alcibiades rejoined the Athenian side towards the end of the Peloponnesian War, Lysander was put in charge of the Spartan fleet in the Aegean, based at Ephesus (407). It was Lysanders decree that merchant shipping put into Ephesus and his foundation of shipyards there, that started its rise to prosperity. Persuading Cyrus to Help the Spartans Lysander persuaded Cyrus, the Great Kings son, to help the Spartans. When Lysander was leaving, Cyrus wanted to give him a present, and Lysander asked for Cyrus to fund an increase in the sailors pay, thus inducing sailors serving in the Athenian fleet to come over to the higher-paying Spartan fleet. While Alcibiades was away, his lieutenant Antiochus provoked Lysander into a sea battle which Lysander won. The Athenians thereupon removed Alcibiades from his command. Callicratides  as Lysanders Successor Lysander gained partisans for Sparta amongst the cities subject to Athens by promising to install decemvirates, and promoting the interests of potentially useful allies amongst their citizens. When the Spartans chose Callicratides as Lysanders successor, Lysander undermined his position by sending the funds for the increase in payback to Cyrus and taking the fleet back to the Peloponnese with him. The Battle of Arginusae (406) When Callicratides died after the battle of Arginusae (406), Spartas allies requested that Lysander is made admiral again. This was against Spartan law, so Aracus was made admiral, with Lysander as his deputy in name, but the actual commander. Ending the  Peloponnesian War It was Lysander who was responsible for the final defeat of the Athenian navy at Aegospotami, thus ending the Peloponnesian War. He joined the Spartan kings, Agis and Pausanias, in Attica. When Athens finally succumbed after the siege, Lysander installed a government of thirty, later remembered as the Thirty Tyrants (404). Unpopular Throughout Greece Lysanders promotion of his friends interests and vindictiveness against those who displeased him made him unpopular throughout Greece. When the Persian satrap Pharnabazus complained, the Spartan ephors recalled Lysander. There resulted in a power struggle within Sparta itself, with the kings favoring more democratic regimes in Greece in order to diminish Lysanders influence. King Agesilaus Instead of  Leontychides On the death of King Agis, Lysander was instrumental in Agis brother Agesilaus being made king instead of Leontychides, who was popularly supposed to be Alcibiades son rather than the kings. Lysander persuaded Agesilaus to mount an expedition to Asia to attack Persia, but when they arrived in the Greek Asian cities, Agesilaus grew jealous of the attention paid to Lysander and did everything he could to undermine Lysanders position. Finding himself unwanted there, Lysander returned to Sparta (396), where he may or may not have started a conspiracy to make the kingship elective amongst all Heraclidae or possibly all Spartiates, rather than confined to the royal families. War Between Sparta and Thebes   War broke out between Sparta and Thebes in 395, and Lysander was killed when his troops were surprised by a Theban ambush.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Emergency Operations Plan Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Emergency Operations Plan - Essay Example Emergency Management Introduction and Overview of the Environment Pleasantville is an Atlantic city which is located in New Jersey, USA. The total population of this American city is approximately 21 thousands in the total area of 7.298 square miles. Pleasantville is considered to be more prone towards encountering natural disasters because of its geographical location which lies in the Atlantic county (Christen, Callsen, Miller, & Lord, 2011). The total number of natural disasters in Pleasantville that has been counted is significantly higher than the total average of United States. Pleasantville is not only exposed to earthquakes but this city contains the potentiality to encounter numerous other natural disasters including storms, tornados and floods. In this context, emergency management plays a significantly crucial role to cope up with the challenges which any emergency situation can arise in Pleasantville (Christen, Callsen, Miller, & Lord, 2011). Emergency Management Elements In order to design an emergency operational plan, the analysis of elements of emergency management is sufficient. There are five elements which are considered in emergency management. ... These five plans will be discussed in the following headings. Mitigation Plan Mitigation plan is a course of action which state governments and local governments acquire in the identification of risk and vulnerabilities which are related with a natural disaster. It is used to develop enduring strategies in order to protect people and their properties from the hazard of natural disaster. Mitigation plan includes identification and profiling of natural disasters in accordance with the area along with the vulnerabilities of people, structures and crucial facilities (Fagel & Fagel, 2012). In Pleasantville, schools, hospitals and recreational facilities are vulnerable from the potential catastrophe of earthquakes (Christen, Callsen, Miller, & Lord, 2011). Preparedness Plan Preparedness plan is acquired with the intention of coping up with the emergency situation through practical anticipation of the hazard. It involves strategies which are made by local and state governments along with ot her community services like rescue service provides, police and emergency medical service providers to reduce the risk from the natural disasters like earthquakes. Preparedness plan is acquired to practically imply to reduce the dangers of natural disasters through anticipation and training of individuals along with the capacity for authorities to deliver appropriate decisions in the emergency situations (Oliveira, 2007). Response Plan In the state of emergency, the initial steps are considered to be most crucial which can potentially safe numerous lives and property damages. Emergency response plan contains the acquisition of preparedness plan and generates a system for the state and local governments along with